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Is 5G technology harmful to health?

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New Delhi: India is set to become the first country to offer domestically produced 5G, but experts debate concerns linking 5G technology to potential health hazards.

5G (Fifth Generation) is the latest wireless cellular technology that was first widely deployed in 2019. Improve 4G functionality.

Not only does it provide faster connection speeds, but its high bandwidth and low latency also open up new use cases in gaming and entertainment. A wide range of new applications are also expected, including improved performance and enhanced e-Health (telemedicine, telemonitoring, telesurgery).

5G works by producing a kind of energy called electromagnetic radiation. It uses higher frequencies than previous wireless networks, making it faster and more efficient.

Electromagnetic frequencies, such as those produced by 5G, create regions called electromagnetic fields (EMF). This has been shown to adversely affect human health.

Although research on the frequencies used by 5G is limited, research shows health effects of electromagnetic fields across the spectrum. However, the results are inconsistent.

“There is no documentation on the risks associated with 4G, 5G, but in theory exposure to radio waves could increase the incidence of cancer in different parts of the body. India Spinal Cord Injury Center Internal Medicine and Respiratory Medicine Dr Vijay Dutta, a senior consultant in Department of Medicine, told IANS.

“Radio waves can also disrupt heart rhythms, putting people with pacemakers at greater risk. The closer you are to the tower, the greater the risk. , is harmful to human health,” he added.

However, according to the World Health Organization, “to date, and as a result of numerous studies, exposure to wireless technology and adverse health effects have not been linked by chance.”

The WHO has stated that tissue heating is the primary mechanism of interaction between radio frequency fields and the human body. At radio frequency exposure levels from current technology, the temperature rise in the human body is negligible.

The higher the frequency, the less body tissue penetration, limiting the energy absorption to the body surfaces (skin and eyes). If overall exposures remain below international guidelines, no public health impact is expected, the World Health Organization said.

“India is not the first country to roll out 5G. Before us, around 50 countries have deployed the technology. We launched 5G a few years ago, and if people had specific concerns or real health hazards, those cases would have happened by now,” said a research analyst at Counterpoint Research. Chalpariwal, who is a

“At this stage, I don’t think there’s any need to worry about the health hazards. There are no studies that can verify these claims,” ​​she added.

According to the Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI), India is going digital at a rapid pace and 5G will drive growth in sectors such as agriculture, education, healthcare and robotics.

An industry group argued earlier this year that concerns about 5G’s adverse health effects were “totally misplaced.” Available evidence supports that next-generation technology is safe.

The Mega 5G Spectrum Auction, which ended on August 1, garnered record-breaking bids of over INR 1.5 billion in 40 rounds over seven days.

Led by Mukesh Ambani, Jio has emerged as the top bidder in India’s 5G spectrum auction, acquiring 24,740 MHz spectrum worth Rs 88,078. Jio was followed by Sunil Mittal’s Bharti Airtel with his 19,867 MHz of spectrum in various bands worth Rs 4308.4 crore.

Vodafone Idea in third place received 2,668 MHz worth 18,784 kroner, while Adani Group’s unit got 400 MHz spectrum in the 26 GHz band worth 212 kroner.